Subscribe to the IHARE Blog

July 14, 2019 = April 12, 1861 II: The Third Civil War Is Engaged

On April 12, 1861, South Carolina opened fire on the US garrison of Fort Sumter. The Civil War had begun. It would rage for years and hundreds of thousands of people would die. It wreaked havoc on the land especially in the South where most of the battles were fought. Most importantly, it would be […]

Read More

Civics and the Citizenship Test in the Time of Trump

Naturalized Americans unlike native Americans are obligated to demonstrate mastery of civics. To do so applicants take an exam covering American history, government, and ideals. It is a multiple choice question exam. This means that as with the SAT, it is possible for the tester to measure the results on the questions: which questions do […]

Read More

The American Revolution 250th: A Time to Heal or a Time to Divide?

Now that this year’s July 4th celebration is over, it is time to start looking ahead to the big one, July 4, 2026. That date marks the 250th anniversary of the declaring of the United States of America. It also is the bicentennial of the deaths of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, the second and […]

Read More

Slavery in New York: An Angolan Case Study

Angolans are in the news. Recently there has been a surge in migrants from Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo. After a decade of hardly any migration from these countries, suddenly the numbers have increased specifically to Portland, Maine and to San Antonio, Texas. The surge has overwhelmed the communities. Unlike the Central American […]

Read More

Iran Does Not Watch Fox: The Real World and the 2020 Elections

There is a longstanding cartoon routine of someone running off a cliff. The figure may be human or an animal and it is almost always male. The figure runs straight off a cliff and then appears to be running on air. The laws of gravity are suspended and the figure remains aloft, legs churning. Finally […]

Read More

Hudson Yards versus Hudson Valley: Where Is Your Field of Dreams?

Earlier this spring the Manhattan skyline changed rather dramatically. As the front page of the New York Times put it: “A Gleaming Behemoth Rises, for Better or Worse”(print edition March 15, 2019; online title Hudson Yards Is Manhattan’s Biggest, Newest, Slickest Gated Community. Is This the Neighborhood New York Deserves?).   It’s called Hudson Yards. […]

Read More

Slavery Quadricentennial: The 400 Years of African-American History Commission

You may have missed this federal legislation so I am providing a streamlined version of it. The commission expires in 2020 with the scheduled production of a final report. H.R.1242 – 400 Years of African-American History Commission Act 115th Congress (2017-2018) Public Law No: 115-102 (01/08/2018) To establish the 400 Years of African-American History Commission, […]

Read More