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The 250th Anniversary: A Commonwealth of Virginia Case Study

On January 30, 2021, the Virginia Consortium of Early Americanists held their seventh annual conference. I had never attended one before. I do receive the notices of the event and other history-related conferences in Virginia. While many of them seem interesting there is a cost factor in time and money given the other conferences I attend. The last conference I attended in person was in March in Manhattan. My travel expenses since then have been zero. In addition, I have had the opportunity to attend multiple conferences and talks that I otherwise would not have attended if they hadn’t been online and often free. For that matter, some of them never would have been held in the first place save for the online nature of the event. For the host organization, there are comparatively limited scheduling issues now and no travel or food expense either.

Of course, by now, many people are zoomed out. The explosion of such events can become even more time consuming. Still there is the opportunity to pick and choose including walking away from the computer when enough is enough.

With this background in mind, I turn to the session in Virginia that did grab my attention:

Keynote: A Conversation with Fran Bradford, Deputy Secretary of Education for the
Commonwealth of Virginia about Virginia’s 250th Commemoration of American Independence

During this time of America’s Third Civil War, the challenges of the 250th commemoration (celebration) of the birthday of the country have not yet been fully realized. The presentation by the Commonwealth of Virginia provided an opportunity to address multiple facets of these challenges from a logistical, organizational, and ideological perspective.

First, the speaker was from the state government and appears to have a significant position. I don’t know how many “Deputy Secretary” positions there are, but it sounds like an important job title. By comparison in New York, the Deputy Commissioner of Education has not participated in any of the 250th anniversary meetings I have attended so far. True, I don’t know what has happened behind the scenes. So far at least, the public face of the 250th has been the State Historian. No disrespect Devin, but the positions are not comparable.


Second, during Bradford’s presentation, she mentioned some private history organizations in Virginia. These are the heavy hitters. They are the organizations with the movers and shakers on their boards, the connections to the state government, and who can generate funding. In the Q&A portion, the topic was raised about the smaller organizations that do not have the full-time staff, expertise, and access even to know about the various funding opportunities and assistance available or how to apply for them. Bradford made a note to bring the subject at the next meeting.

Every state has its own story to tell. In this regard, the situation in New York State is dire, has been for years, and shows no meaningful signs of improvement. The topic has been the subject of multiple blogs particularly related to the defunct New York State Historical Association (NYSHA) leaving the state without a statewide history advocacy organization:

History Professors Protest for Local and State History (November 26, 2017)

NYSHA Responds to Advocacy for Local and State History Post (November 30, 2017)

The NYSHA Saga Continues: Gone but Not Forgotten (December 7, 2017)

Save the History Community: Clone Erika Sanger (December 18, 2017)

The Battle over New York State and Local History Gets Ugly (January 19, 2018)

Create the New York Association for State and Local History (NYASLH) (February 1, 2019).

Despite the efforts of such heavyweights as Ken Jackson and the New York Academy, there has been no real change in the situation in New York. The Museum Association of New York (MANY) led by the aforementioned Erika Sanger has tried to fill some of the void but the organization’s mandate is museums which is not exactly the same thing as history. In Westchester County where I live, a private group has created a non-profit 501(c)3 organization led by Connie Kehoe, the Deputy Mayor of Irvington. Still there is a long way to go.

In Massachusetts, I have seen the Massachusetts Historical Society take a leadership position for that state. The Massachusetts History Alliance has been trying to become a statewide advocacy organization for the history community. I was invited to speak to them in one of their online programs on this topic

Obviously this past year has not been a good one for lobbying for new state funding.

However, once the Federal government gets involved with actual funding and leadership, it will operate through state organizations. Therefore it is absolutely essential for states to begin preparing the 250th anniversary infrastructure if it wants federal assistance.



Third, another topic raised by Bradford in her presentation was anniversary burnout. Virginia has already had a couple of quadricentennials this century and possibly other anniversaries as well. Sometimes anniversaries can involve the same sites that are just recovering from the last anniversary.

Consider the situation in New York:

2024 Bicentennial of the return of Lafayette who toured the state
2024 Centennial of the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation which owns historic sites throughout the state
2025 Bicentennial of the Erie Canal with the celebration of the construction already underway
2026 250th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence with the anniversary of Revolution events already underway and events to continue until 2033
2027 Bicentennial of the end of slavery.

In addition there is one important national anniversary which has received no attention or very little:

2024 Centennial of the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924.

Other states may have their own anniversaries they wish to celebrate during the 2020s.

Which do you think is most likely to happen for these multiple anniversaries?

Each one will be treated on an ad-hoc piecemeal reinvent the wheel basis or a coherent, comprehensive, well-thought out approach will be developed with state leadership encompassing all the anniversaries?

I am trying not to laugh as I type these words because we all know what is going to happen.


A fourth issue mentioned by Bradford is tourism. Apparently that topic has been an important in the private discussions held so far. Certainly the Jamestown Quadricentennial was a major tourist event. Given the various American Revolution sites in Virginia, the Commonwealth is right to have big expectations here.

State tourist departments ae not necessarily experts in national and state history. They rely on the history community to identity the locations, events, people, and topics related to a particular anniversary. Individual history organizations do not necessarily have the expertise or time to develop regional, state, or multi-state paths through history.

Consider the situation in New York.

I live in Westchester County. There are American Revolution events which occurred here.

The most famous event in the County perhaps is the capture of John André in Tarrytown. The capture involves West Point in Orange County, André’s fleeing through Putnam and Westchester Counties, his being taken across the Hudson River to Tappan in Rockland County where he was imprisoned (in a restaurant) and hanged (not in the restaurant or in an open field as portrayed in the TV series Turn). An André program then requires four counties to collaborate.

Speaking of André, what about Arnold? He was involved in multiple states and two (three) countries. No one county, state, or even country can do full service to his story.

How about Rochambeau? Imagine programs linking New England, the Mid-Atlantic and Virginia. Or re-enacting John Adams riding by horse from Massachusetts to Philadelphia? Or cannons being brought from Fort Ticonderoga to Massachusetts?

I mention these examples simply to show the need for cooperation and collaboration at multiple levels needed for a successful anniversary. Here is where federal planning would be most useful. Otherwise we may end up simply with fireworks on July 4, 2026, in Philadelphia and uncoordinated events if states simply act on their own.


The final item in the presentation was the one I brought up in the Q&A. If you are a regular reader of my blogs then it should be no surprise that I asked about education. Specifically, I brought up teacher training programs and curriculum. Bradford certainly is aware of these topics but it is too early in the planning process to address them. As a Deputy in the Education Department, she certainly is in the right position to play a leadership role in these areas.

The education situation in New York is more problematic.

Did You Know that There Was a Regents Museum Advisory Council? (November 9, 2017).


I close this blog with the one item not addressed in the presentation. As we were meeting online, the Woke San Francisco school board decided to remove the name of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson among others from its school buildings. Presumably the curriculum will reflect the demoted status as well. The American Revolution discussion now has moved beyond the simple choice of using the word “celebration” versus “commemorate” as a way to further divide the country. It is becoming whether July 4 should be a day of mourning, that we would be better off without people like Washington in the first place, and that we should have remained British colonies rather than be led by these racist slave-owners. But that is a topic for another blog.

9 thoughts on “The 250th Anniversary: A Commonwealth of Virginia Case Study

  1. Peter – Did you see this morning’s news about an high school AP History Teacher deciding to take a different approach with her next class. Oh, her school is somewhere in Texas.
    With the blessing of her principal, she organized all the needed computer, internet, interactive software….etc. into her car and took off on the road. She spent 15 days traveling all over the eastern United States spending time and broadcasting (YouTube) each day from some historic place. Telling the story and touring each site. She even stopped at Weehawken (sp) in New Jersey to discuss the Hamilton – Burr duel. She admits that she is a Hamilton nut (nut is GOOD). When she returned to school (remember in Texas) she encouraged her students (most were seniors) after graduation to get in their cars and drive around and across this beautiful country enjoying all the sites and historic places for themselves (above all not fly over but drive through with frequent stops to walk about and really see. What a novel idea or is it….isn’t this what our parents did with us when we were growing up in the 40s and 50s? Oh, wasn’t this what I did with my best friends in college….hitchicking around this country?
    I remember, hitchicking to Gettysburg then spending “two whole days” walking and riding bicycles around the battlefield (not a couple hours but two days). Did I tell you about driving from Seattle to DC last year with my son (the one that is on the list for Admiral in NOAA) following the route of the trans-continental RR stopping at each town where a RR construction camp was the seed for great towns and cities to come. It was fantastic……have I ever told you that I love this country and can never get enough of its wonders. My wife, Sue-Jane, and I spent a week at/in Yellowstone a few years ago taking classes and touring on every topic imaginable. We went out a found wolves, coyotes but alas no bears. This trip was extraordinary….we drove up through the Tetons and then followed the Snake River down to the Columbia River (noting your comments on Columbia). Followed the Columbia down to the ocean and stuck our toes in the water exactly where Lewis and Clark did the same. Love isn’t about books – love is about living and experiencing the fullness of what we have been given. This….did you hear me….this is why the Revolution was so important. It gave you and I this wonder.
    I am sorry for carrying on so….you must be getting very tired of hearing from me…..I just can’t help myself. Peter

    1. Peter,

      No I didn’t hear about that teacher. The whole of teachershotels/historyhostels back when I travelled about the state was to bring teachers to the sites where historic events happened and historic people lived. It is different being there in person as we still are physical beings with five senses. Maybe there will be an explosion of history tourism once we are able move freely about the country.

      Keep thinking and writing, you might be surprised how many people in the history community don’t share your enthusiasm and breadth of interest.


  2. Peter, all excellent questions. I know Connie has been working hard to get the State to move but it’s an uphill battle. As for all of the events of 1781, The Franco-American Alliance, Encampment, Grand Reconnaissance, etc. here at the Friends we are busy getting the word out. We expect to have a major article on 1781 on our website by July 6, 2021. Our colonial Day event, twice postponed last year, is planned for September 18, 2021 and it is looking promising that it will happen. It will coincide with the Hudson valley Ramble now so we should get more attention.
    On a National level, I am working hard with both W3R and WARO to make sure OHRH is at the forefront of all their events. The bike tour from Newport to Yorktown is supposed to stop here, also in July, 2021. As the plans go forward on a national level for 2026 it is vital that we teach the rest of the history community about the importance of the Encampment and how it determined the course of the RW. I would love to work more closely with you because your blog is excellent!
    On the micro-level, shoring work could start as early as February 15th! The house WILL be restored before 2026!

    Susan Seal
    Friends of Odell House Rochambeau HQ

    1. Good thing so many of the American Revolution events happened after July 4, 1776. That gives us more time to plan unlike Massachusetts where so many happened before July 4. Right now, of course, meeting and advocating is difficult but that should end sometime this year. 2021 is a little early for Rochambeau but who says events can be held on multiple occasions.

      The Ramble is a great opportunity especially if we can have one this year.


  3. Peter,

    I teach – and can talk to – how Washington outright LIED to HIS blacks who accepted his offer (made to match the popular offer of Lord Howe to ALL back slaves that fighting for the British would guarantee their freedom at the conclusion of hostilities). Washington had to make the same offer or lose all black support to Howe. When the war ended, the Brits kept their promise. NOT Washington, who ordered all former slaves returned to their owners. At Mt Vernon, they don’t appreciate bringing this topic up at all. Kind of like “controversial coverage” in today’s NY Times and Washington Post. But they simply ignore it, and are permitted to get away with that ! Some things never change.

    One (of several) reasons it took 18 months to finally agree on the terms of the Treaty of Paris was about the future condition of “former” slaves. The Americans refused to accept the British terms of their promised release. Finally, the Brits, just to close the negotiations, “agreed” with the American demands, but once signed, started to offer any of their black veterans free travel to Nova Scotia (lands included there), England, or the Caribbean Islands they controlled. The Americans could do nothing about it…. Case closed, but don’t ask at Mt Vernon. They now tell that since Washington’s slaves were really Martha’s inherited property, his promise meant nothing ! (He did release his personal slave / butler to freedom, but only that one !). A few years later, Martha was forced to release HER slaves after rumors of assassinating her and suspicious fires at Mt Vernon started to get set. The slaves knew by then that they would gain their freedom upon her death. They were just trying to speed that up, she realized !! Better slave-less than dead was HER thinking !!


    1. Bob,

      When we get to 2033 for the 250th anniversary of end of the war, there will be a lot to discuss including should we have fought the war to begin with, would be have better off if we had lost, and should Washington simply have stayed on his farm.


  4. There are four event that happen in Newport News at Enview Plantation where Thomas Nelson Militia stop by on their way to Yorktown. Newport News Point is where Benedict Anold, and 1,500 British Troops landed in the raids, battles, and the burning of the Capital in Richmond, Virginia. The Mariners Museum Waters Creek Skirmish was a battle where Captain Mallory, and the Virginia Militia stoped the British from raiding on the Virginia Peninsula. Also Warwick Town founded in 1680 saw some French Troops land. After the Battle of the Virginia Capes a French vanguard of 3000 French Troops sailed from Lynnhaven up the James River in skiffs and row boats. A bad thunder storm force the French to pull into Deep Creek near Warwick Town. The French Force was lead by General Marquis de St. Simon, and they were sent to reinforce Marquis de Lafayette near Jamestown Island. The French Troops stayed the night, and continued their journey up the James River the next day. they help to check General Cornwallis until Washington and Rochambeau could arrive at Williamsburg with 17,000 French, and American Troops. The Siege at Yorktown begain after they arrived from New York, and Rhode Island.

  5. Would the Revolutiona 250 Commission wor with the City of Newport News for the 250th anniversary in 2026.

    1. Which commission? The national one? The New York State commission if the new Governor signs the bill? The Westchester 250th where I live and which is operational? The good thing is if you are talking about Rochambeau we have years to go before it really is the 250th.

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